Your kidneys filter and eliminate excess fluid and waste from the body. When the kidneys lose their ability to perform this function then dangerous levels of fluid and waste get accumulated in your body. This condition is known as renal failure this becomes a life threatening condition. There are many causes for renal failure. Over a period of time you may need either dialysis or a kidney transplant. A kidney transplantation surgery is often the best treatment for renal failure when medication and other conservative treatment options are not functioning. In a kidney transplantation surgery your deceased kidney is replaced with a healthy kidney from your donor. Since only one donated kidney is needed to replace two failed kidneys, living-donor kidney transplantation is possible.
Liver failure has several causes, like cirrhosis, biliary duct abnormality, cystic fibrosis, early-stage liver cancer, primary sclerosing cholangitis, primary biliary cirrhosis and Wilson's disease(genetic disorder). A liver transplant surgery is the last option for patients suffering from liver failure. Liver transplant surgery is a meant for those patients who have end-stage liver failure which cannot be controlled or treated using other any other treatment option. A liver transplant surgery is a procedure to remove the liver of the patient and replace it with a portion of a healthy liver from a donor. Since only a portion of liver is removed from the donor body and the liver has the ability to grow, living-donor liver transplantation is possible.
Bone marrow Transplant)
Bone marrow is a soft, flexible, spongy, fatty tissue that houses stem cells is located inside a large bones. The development and storage of 95% of the body's blood cells happens in the bone marrow. Bone marrow transplant (BMT) is done to treat various diseases and cancer. A bone marrow transplant procedure may also be required when a patient’s bone marrow has been damaged or destroyed due to a disease or intense treatments of radiation or chemotherapy for cancer. Bone marrow transplant may be used in the treatment of diseases like Leukemia, Aplastic Anemia, Sickle Cell Anemia, Hurler's syndrome etc. The goal of BMT is to transfuse healthy bone marrow cells into a person after their unhealthy bone marrow has been removed. There are different types of bone marrow transplants depending on the donor condition. In India there are some very advanced and world-class centres for bone marrow transplantation. A bone marrow transplant is an expensive procedure and requires a longer stay in India.