The term “neurosurgery” is short for neurological surgery, a discipline that is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of nervous system disorders. Neurosurgery is a sister discipline to neuromedicine, which involves the diagnosis and treatment of neurological disorders and complications using medications and non-surgical methods. In most patients, neurologists (who deal with neuromedicine) work alongside neurosurgeons
Neurosurgeons operate on the brain, spine, or nerves of the limbs or extremities. They treat patients of all ages, ranging from newborns with congenital neurological abnormalities (birth defects) through to elderly individuals who may have suffered a stroke, for example. Neurosurgeons are also involved in the treatment of nerve injuries, neuroblastoma, infections of the central nervous system and neurodegenerative diseases.

Types of Neuro surgeries
  • Aneurysms
  • Arteriovenous malformation (AVM)
  • Brain tumors
  • Carotid artery blockage/stenosis
  • Cavitron, an ultrasonic surgical aspirator that disintegrates and aspirates brain tumors Cerebrovascular surgery
  • Cortical mapping
  • Epilepsy
  • Functional neurosurgery
  • Inoperable brain tumors high intensity laser probe
  • Minimally invasive surgery
  • Parkinson’s Disease and tremors
  • Peripheral nerve surgery
  • Pituitary tumors
  • Radiosurgery
  • Skull base surgery
  • Spine Surgery
  • Stereotactic neurosurgery, which is computer-assisted guidance that allows the placement of biopsy tools or electrodes deep in the brain
  • Surgical implantation of deep brain stimulators to treat Parkinson Disease and certain types of tremors
  • Surgical navigation, or use of computers to plan precise approaches to areas of the brain during surgery
  • Trauma surgery
  • Trigeminal Neuralgia

When to seek doctors help
  • Headaches that tend to be worse in the morning and ease during the day,
  • Confusion or personality changes,
  • Seizures (convulsions)
  • Nausea or vomiting,
  • Weakness or loss of feeling in the arms or legs
  • Stumbling or lack of coordination in walking (ataxic gait),
  • Abnormal eye movements or changes in vision
  • Drowsiness, and
  • Changes in speech